There is no need to define what embroidery is because most probably you have seen it around you some time or the other. It is a simple art of using a needle and a thread to produce beautiful designs on a piece of cloth. Today, almost everything has some form of embroidery embedded on to it like caps, tunics, bedsheets and even jackets. It is one of the trendiest things seen in the market of fashion. The stitching can often be enhanced by using pearls, beads, stones, and even sequins. The threads used for this artwork are very colorful and hence the results are nothing short of being vibrant.
Running stitch, chain stitch, cross-stitch, and satin stitch are some of the most common stitches people are aware of and they collectively relate these to the beautiful artwork of embroidered clothes. India is especially known for its beautiful artwork since it originated from here and the colorful yarns used for this produce astonishingly beautiful results.
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Different Kinds Of Embroidery:
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1. Chikankari – Originally from the rich land of Lucknow, chikankari is believed to be introduced by Nur Jehan. It was originally used as a white on white embroidery which was nothing short of delicate and artful work. It is one of the best textiles work ever produced and the textiles used were chiffon, organza, and net. Today, cotton and satin threads are used which are of different colors and produce remarkable results. The embellishments used for this kind of stitch are generally beads and sequins which simply enhance the look of the fabric. One more thing to keep in mind is that fabric used for chikankari should not be thick as the design and the artwork gets hidden under the heavy sheets. Usually, people prefer to use cotton, semi-georgette, silk, and chiffon for chikankari embroidery.
2. Split Stitch – One of the most common stitches which beginners learn is that of a split stitch. This stitch resembles a mini-chain design if done continuously on a piece of fabric. The stitch is used to usually border some design which you are going to make. Outlining floral designs using this stitch is always welcome as it looks very distinctive and pretty.
3. Kantha – This stitch is originally from the states of Bengal and Odisha. It was traditionally used on dhotis and sarees which had a simple running pattern of stitch. The yarn used for this kind of embroidery was that from borders of used cloth. It results in a wrinkled appearance of the cloth and hence has a very distinct style. The effect produced is that of a crushed cloth which sets it apart from other stitches. Today, it is commonly used on all kinds of dupattas, shirts, and sarees and also on upholstery.
4. Phoolkari – Punjab has not just given us sarson ka saag but also one of the most famous stitches in the world known as Phoolkari. This work consists of flower motifs and they are embroidered on the backside of the cloth due to which the design can be seen in the front. The cloth used for this kind of stitch is hand spun or naturally dyed khadi cloth. The work has a characteristic of light-colored designs on a dark-colored cloth or the other way round. The contrast of different colors is something which distinguishes it from other types of embroidery. The designs are made using silk threads and women used to originally make them in their free time.
Thus, these were the top 4 types of embroidery stitches known all over the world. The stitches are nothing short of beauty and elegance.
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